We are pleased to introduce the Summer edition of European Ophthalmic Review, including a selection of expert interviews, editorials, reviews and case reports for you to enjoy.
We interviewed our Editor-in-Chief Maurizio Battaglia Parodi on the latest developments in diabetic macular oedema and Burat Turgut provides an overview of terminology for OCT-A. Hemel Mehta provides an evidence-based approach to using intravitreal steroids in the management of diabetic macular oedema and Ali Osman Saatci explore intravitreal pharmacotherapy in the treatment of retinitis pigmentosa-related cystoid macular oedema.
Jesper Hjortal reviews advances in surface ablation techniques for myopia and Noel Alpins provides expert advice on accuracy in intraocular lens calculations in normal and extreme cases. Kin Sheng Lim reviews ultrasound cycloplasty, and the mechanisms of action and possible impact on intraocular pressure in glaucoma. Andrew Tatham explores a new angle on angle surgery and Nils Loewen discusses some of the recent developments in the treatment of glaucoma. We hope you enjoy this edition and welcome contributions to our winter edition through our submission site here.
Foreword – European Ophthalmic Review, 2017;11(1):13
Welcome to the latest edition of European Ophthalmic Review, covering a variety of topics from all areas of ophthalmology. This edition features four articles within my specialty of retinal disease and imaging. Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is the leading cause of vision loss in people of working age and recent advances in intravitreal pharmacotherapy have […]
Insights into Refractive Surgery and Corneal Light Scatter
Good vision requires maintenance of the transparency and proper refractive shape of the cornea. Any surface structure irregularities can lead to wavefront aberrations and scattering errors. Light scattering in the human cornea causes a reduction of visual quality. In this interview, Leopoldo Spadea of Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, discusses recent advances in refractive surgery, […]
Recent Developments in Glaucoma Therapy
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of visual impairment worldwide. Traditionally, treatment of glaucoma has involved pharmacologic and laser treatment, until the disease progresses to a stage that warrants the need for trabeculectomy. In recent years, microinvasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) procedures have emerged, creating new options for those who do not meet the criteria […]
Diabetic Macular Oedema and Retinal Imaging
Many important eye diseases manifest themselves in the retina, one of the most prevalent of these is diabetic macular oedema. Retinal imaging and image analysis have developed rapidly over the past 10 years, and image analysis is starting to play an important role in the care of patients with retinal diseases. In advance of this […]
Multifocal Toric Intraocular Lenses
With increasing patient expectations and cataract surgery being regarded as a refractive procedure, multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) are one of the most effective ways of achieving a good visual acuity at distance, intermediate and near. However, precise biometry and astigmatism correction must be considered in order to achieve spectacle independence. It is well documented that […]
How to get Accuracy in Intraocular Lens Calculation in Normal and Extreme Cases
Accuracy in intraocular lens (IOL) calculations and postoperative outcomes has taken on another level with the availability of toric IOLs. The ability to correct corneal astigmatism at the time of cataract surgery reduces the need for spectacles postoperatively making the necessity to calculate the optimal power of the IOL ever more important. Calculating an accurate […]
Surface Ablation Techniques for Myopia – A Review of the Advances Over the Past 25 Years
Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) is the first laser-based technique that aimed to change the refractive power of the cornea. The principle of excimer laser ablation of the cornea is based on controlled emission of 193 nm pulses generated from excited dimers of argon fluoride (ArF) gases. When such a gas is put under electrical stimulation and […]
Ultrasound Cycloplasty in Glaucoma – Mechanisms of Action and their Possible Impact on Intraocular Pressure
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) was first used to treat brain pathologies, such as Parkinson’s disease In the 1940s.1 HIFU was later used in the 1990s in ophthalmological practice to treat intraocular pressure (IOP), traumatic capsular tears, glaucoma, retinal detachment and vitreous haemorrhage.2–7 HIFU has been used to treat both benign and malignant lesions of various […]
A New Angle on Angle Surgery
The major risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is raised intraocular pressure (IOP), which is a result of increased resistance to aqueous humour outflow, thought to occur predominantly at the level of the trabecular meshwork (TM) and Schlemm’s canal. Traditional glaucoma surgery has largely attempted to create alternative pathways for aqueous humour outflow […]
An Evidence-based Approach to Using Intravitreal Steroids in the Management of Diabetic Macular Oedema
Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is the leading cause of acquired visual loss in the working age population.1 There are estimated to be 21 million people with DMO globally,2 with numbers expected to rise as diabetes becomes more common and life expectancy improves.3 The landscape for DMO treatment has changed significantly over the past decade. Macular […]
Intravitreal Pharmacotherapy in the Treatment of Retinitis Pigmentosa-related Cystoid Macular Oedema
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited retinal dystrophy characterised with the progressive loss of photoreceptors.1,2 Night blindness together with the peripheral visual field loss is the most prominent clinical feature.1,2 Central vision is relatively spared up to the later stages of the disease process.3 However, when macular complications such as macular oedema arise, central vision […]
Past and Present Terminology for the Retinal and Choroidal Structures in Optical Coherence Tomography
Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is a very useful non-invasive imaging method which is used in the diagnosis and follow-up of various retinal and choroidal diseases involving macular region.1–3 In 2014, at International Nomenclature OCT (INOCT) Panel, Staurenghi et al.4 proposed a nomenclature system for normal anatomic landmarks in SD-OCT and it has been […]
Extensive Corneal Neovascularisation Treatment by Ultraviolet Corneal Collagen Crosslinking
Corneal neovascularisation is defined as extension of blood vessels into the avascular stroma. The most common diseases associated with corneal neovascularisation include infectious keratitis, stromal ulceration, inflammatory disorders, alkali burns, contact lens-related hypoxia, corneal graft rejection and limbal stem cell deficiency.1 Riboflavin/ultraviolet A (UVA) crosslinking (CXL) is a technique that was introduced several years ago […]
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